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A home on the range

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Home is where the heart is.
Ancient saying

What kind of houses do people live in on of St Helena?

This page is in indexes: Island Structures, Island Detail

Go to: Grand Country HousesOrdinary housesWhere do people live?Buy property here?DevelopmentsRead More

Grand Country Houses

Like Britain, St Helena has its grand country houses. Built in the main for the colonial administrators, mostly in the 18th and 19th centuries, they are dotted around the island, as Read’s map illustrates (below) and are mostly now in the hands of the St Helena Government.

Examples include Wranghams House in Sandy Bay (“a traditional Georgian period house planned over lower ground and 2 upper levels”), Prospect House, Mount Pleasant{1}, Oaklands, Maldivia House, Bamboo Hedge, Alarm House and many more.

Read’s map 1817 (Click to see the full-sized image, opens in a new window or tab) [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Wrangham’s [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Prospect House [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]
Prospect House

Mount Pleasant [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]
Mount Pleasant{1}

Oaklands [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Maldivia House [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]
Maldivia House

Bamboo Hedge [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]
Bamboo Hedge

Alarm House (Click to see the full-sized image, opens in a new window or tab) [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]
Alarm House{a}

And don’t forget Plantation House, home of the Governor of St Helena (and of Jonathan the tortoise) and Longwood House where Napoleon Bonaparte stayed during his exile here

Ordinary houses

But ordinary people don’t live in houses like these. What is a typical St Helena house like? Well, for a start there is no such thing as a ‘typical’ St Helena house! There are no housing estates on St Helena and mostly houses are individually built to a style that suits the owner. Some say that’s untidy, but be that as it may it certainly isn’t boring! Modern houses tend to be built of concrete blocks; older houses use stone. The photographs below illustrate some ordinary houses:

Stone built, Jamestown [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Facaded, Jamestown [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Market Street, Jamestown [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Alarm Forest [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Blue Hill [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Cow Path [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Jamestown [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

High Knoll [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Hutt’s Gate [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Piccolo Hill [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

One feature you will notice that all St Helena houses share is an outdoor seating area. Across the island it is warm enough to sit and eat outside, especially in the summer. All have mains water and, apart from a very few, electricity. Telephone and Internet are available everywhere except the most remote locations. The white tank on the roof is for solar water heating.

Where do people live?

Look at the image below:

aerial view [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]{b}

Districts of St Helena [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

The headland to the left (Jamestown is in the valley at the far left) is Half Tree Hollow, which is where most Saints live{2}. Further along is New Ground (in St. Paul’s area) and as the distance from Jamestown increases, the housing density reduces.

In Half Tree Hollow there are 563 people per Km²; at the other extreme, in Blue Hill there are 4.2 people per Km². (Jamestown has a higher density of buildings than Half Tree Hollow but many are shops and offices so the poulation density is only 198 people per Km².)

Half Tree Hollow from High Knoll Fort [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]
Half Tree Hollow from High Knoll Fort

Buy property here?

St Helena has no estate agents (realtors) so to find a property for sale you need to know the local market - fine if you already live here but not so good if you are overseas.

You could regularly read the St Helena Sentinel or St Helena Independent, as houses for sale are often advertised therein.


For some years there have been plans for two major housing developments on St Helena (in one case since c.2002) but so far nothing much has happened except drawing up plans. 60 homes are planned for Half Tree Hollow. Shown below is the plan for building 200 homes in Bottom Woods, in the Longwood District:

Bottom Woods housing plan [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Read More

Go to: Article: “Solving the Housing Crisis?”Article: “Writer praises reprieve for historic St Helena house”

Article: “Solving the Housing Crisis?

by Andrew Turner, published in the St Helena Independent 8th May 2015{3}

IKEA flat-packed house [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

St Helena is in the middle of a housing crisis. Currently there are many people needing affordable housing and so far, despite many attempts, no solution has been found. In recent years it has been suggested that we use bamboo and steel frame houses to create cheap homes that could be easily constructed. So far nothing has panned out. I think however the solution comes, strangely enough, from IKEA.

For those who don’t know, IKEA is a Swedish company specialising in flat-packed furniture. In 1996, together with a Swedish housing company, they designed and began producing wooden, flat-packed houses. These houses come in a wide variety of styles, can cost as little as £10,000 and have a number of benefits over bamboo and steel frame houses.

The major benefit is the cost. When the plans for steel framed houses were done up they were estimated to cost around £50,000 per house, although they ended up costing far more than that. For that money we got a house that has since been found to be unsuitable for St Helena. The IKEA houses can, as I have said, cost at minimum £10,000 for a reasonable sized home. Their flat-packed arrangement also makes for convenient use of space when shipping, lowering costs in that department too. They are also incredibly quick and easy to build, meaning that labour costs for the construction would also be down.

Bamboo houses were another option looked at, although that fell through quickly when nobody could be found who was willing to invest in the venture. It was later discovered that the island did not have enough water to supply a large scale bamboo growth. Not to mention that bamboo would only work in the warmer areas of the island, such as Jamestown or Half Tree Hollow, making them useless for the planned build sites in Bottom Woods.

The flat-packed houses are mostly wooden and are therefore considered to be more environmentally friendly than steel or concrete houses. The wood is sourced from renewable sources and Swedish timber is well known to be of a very high quality.

More stories [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

More stories on our page Read articles about St Helena.

Article: “Writer praises reprieve for historic St Helena house

By Simon Pipe{4}, published in the St Helena Independent 20th September 2013{3}

A fresh call has been made by a writer on St Helenian heritage to protect what remains of its grand country houses.

John Tyrrell also praises executive councillors for refusing to lift some of the protection from Wranghams in Sandy Bay, to allow it to be sold by St Helena Government.

These fine Georgian country houses, reflecting the aspirations, life styles and aesthetic tastes of St Helena’s elite, are a vital part of the island’s heritage, and an unique part also of British colonial history,” he writes.

Wranghams has in the past had some unsympathetic alterations, but it could be restored to something approaching its original state, and it is encouraging that the new crop of councillors are sensitive to such issues. I do hope that the means to save Wranghams will be found before it is too late.

His article is illustrated with photographs from a return visit to the island in early 2013. He highlights the “beautifully restored” Oakbank and also Farm Lodge, now a boutique hotel.

But Rock Rose, and sadly now Teutonic Hall, look to be past the point of no return.” And Rose Cottage, the home of the late Tony Thornton until he was ordered to leave the island, had become so swallowed up by plants that it was not visible until he reached its walls.

This provides a graphic illustration of what can happen quite quickly to houses that are neglected on St Helena,” writes John, in his Reflections on a Journey to St Helena website{5}.

Editor note: we understand that Wranhams was sold to a private buyer some time in late 2014/early 2015. No details of the sale have been released.

More stories [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

More stories on our page Read articles about St Helena.

To read more about housing issues on St Helena go to Andy Crowe’s blog{5} (Andy was Housing Executive for the St Helena Governnment).

closinghumourimage [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]

Laugh at funny houses humour - LOL [Saint Helena Island Info:Houses]


{a} Ed Thorpe

{b} Marc Lavaud/Tourist Office


{1} Mount Pleasant was the home of Sir William Webber Doveton in the 1800s. There is today a house at Mount Pleasant, but is not the one Napoleon visited in October 1820. The current single-storey building was reconstructed by W.A. Thorpe in 1904. In Doveton/Napoleon’s time it would almost certainly have been a two storey building.

{2} All figures from the most recent census - taken 7th February 2016

{3} Reproduced for educational non-commercial use only; all copyrights are acknowledged

{4} or

{5} See more blogs.





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