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Location Map longwood

Longwood

More than just Napoleon…

The woods are hush’d, their music is no more;The leaf is dead, the yearning past away.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Longwood is most famous for housing St Helena’s best-known exile, but it also has strong connections to the island’s future.

 

Longwood

Below: Activities • Exiles • Other history • Wirebirds • Longwood in pictures • Longwood Gate • Read More

Longwood is in the north-east of St Helena. It is the second largest district by area (after Blue Hill) and is home to around 18% of the island’s population{1}. Principal settlements in Longwood district are:

There are four geological structures of note: Flagstaff; adjacent to it, The Barn; Fisher’s Valley; and Prosperous Bay Plain, site of the St Helena Airport.

Activities

Longwood Bus Shelter
Longwood Bus Shelter

Longwood Golf Club is just outside Longwood Village, on the road to Bottom Woods (just opposite Piccolo Hill). There is only room for a nine-hole course so you have to go around twice. There is a warm welcome for visiting golfers.

Pub Paradise (see article below) is a popular entertainment venue in Longwood Village, just inside Longwood Gate - a good place to stop for a cup of coffee, or maybe a meal. There is a Meteorological Station situated just beyond Longwood Village. The vast majority of the island’s Renewable Energy is generated by the wind turbines, situated on Deadwood Plain.

Less formally, many people gather around the Longwood Bus Shelter, on Longwood Green. All that is needed is a portable music system and a few beers and you have a party!

Exiles

St Helena’s most famous exile, Napoleon spent most of his time here at Longwood House, arriving on 10th December 1815 and dying there on 5th May 1821. His Tomb is also in Longwood district.

The Boer Prisoners that stayed here from 1900-1902 were housed in two camps: one at Broad Bottom in Blue Hill district and the other on Deadwood Plain.

19th Century photo of Longwood Avenue, showing Longwood House, Napoleon’s residence
19th Century photo of Longwood Avenue, showing Longwood House, Napoleon’s residence

Other history

The placenames of the northern part of the district (Longwood, Deadwood and Bottom Woods) all relate to the ‘Great Wood’ which originally covered this area (A History of the Island of St Helena, by T. H. Brooke, Esq., published in 1808 records the area’s name as ‘Long Wood’). The Great Wood was destroyed by the early settlers and is now, in part, being re-created as the Millenium Forest.

The Diplomatic Wireless Station that operated from the late 1960s to the 1970s was based around Deadwood Plain.

The road from Jamestown originally ran only as far as Hutt’s Gate. It was extended to Longwood in the 1780s when Governor Brooke identified the Longwood area as good for agriculture.

The map below (extracted from the 1872 Royal Engineers map) shows Longwood Village in 1872, with features such as Longwood New House, the Longwood Windmill, the Longwood Observatory and Apple Cottage, later site of the area’s Cinema (the building marked ‘Farm’ is Bertrand’s Cottage, a.k.a. Longwood Farmhouse):

Longwood Village on the 1872 Royal Engineers map
Longwood Village on the 1872 Royal Engineers map

Wirebirds

There is a major Wirebird site in the district, at Deadwood Plain.

Longwood in pictures

Flagstaff & The Barn
Flagstaff & The Barn

Turks Cap, from The Barn
Turks Cap, from The Barn

Flagstaff, from Deadwood Plain
Flagstaff, from Deadwood Plain

St Helena Airport
St Helena Airport{a}

Longwood House
Longwood House

Napoleon’s Tomb
Napoleon’s Tomb

The Millennium Forest (2013)
The Millennium Forest (2013)

Signal Station, Prosperous Bay
Signal Station, Prosperous Bay

Wind Turbines on Deadwood Plain
Wind Turbines on Deadwood Plain

Wirebirds live on Deadwood Plain
Wirebirds live on Deadwood Plain{b}

The Golf Course
The Golf Course

Flagstaff, from Napoleon’s Tomb
Flagstaff, from Napoleon’s Tomb

Longwood Gate
Longwood Gate{c}

Longwood Green
Longwood Green

Pub Paradise
Pub Paradise{d}

Meteorological Station, Bottom Woods
Meteorological Station, Bottom Woods

St. Matthew’s Church, Hutt’s Gate
St. Matthew’s Church, Hutt’s Gate

Towards King & Queen Rocks
Towards King & Queen Rocks

Fisher’s Valley
Fisher’s Valley

Sunrise behind Flagstaff
Sunrise behind Flagstaff{e}

Longwood, Flagstaff & The Barn
Longwood, Flagstaff & The Barn{f}

Prosperous Bay
Prosperous Bay{g}

Prosperous Bay Beach
Prosperous Bay Beach{h}

 

Coastline, from The Barn
Coastline, from The Barn{g}

Longwood & The Peaks, from Deadwood Plain, also showing the Windmills
Longwood & The Peaks, from Deadwood Plain, also showing the Windmills{i}

Historic pictures

19th Century(?) illustration
19th Century(?) illustration

Boer Camp on Deadwood Plain, 1902
Boer Camp on Deadwood Plain, 1902

DWS buildings, Deadwood Plain, 1970s
DWS buildings, Deadwood Plain, 1970s

 

Longwood Gate

The current Longwood Gate (see above) looks old - maybe even 18th Century, and yet we find the illustration shown below. We suspect this is a variation of Artistic Licence, in that the artist hadn’t actually been here and seen the real structure so when they told him there was ‘a gate’ this is what he imagined. If you know otherwise please contact us.

Longwood Gate, Lithograph by Ackerman & Co., New York, 1853
Longwood Gate, Lithograph by Ackerman & Co., New York, 1853

JamestownHalf Tree HollowSt Paul’sLongwoodAlarm ForestBlue HillLevelwoodSandy Bay

Districts of St Helena

Alarm Forest • Blue Hill • Half Tree Hollow • Jamestown • Levelwood • Longwood • Sandy Bay • St Paul’s • Maps of St Helena

Read More

Article: Party in Paradise

By Andrew Turner, published in the St Helena Sentinel 26th October 2017{j}

Pub Paradise logo

Pub Paradise reopening celebrated

Invited guests met at the newly renovated Pub Paradise bar in Longwood at 3pm Friday, Oct. 20th to enjoy free drinks and to view the renovated premises. Formerly owned and operated by KJ, Pub Paradise is now owned and operated by V2 Taxi Partners. The accountant for Pub Paradise made the opening speech:

Some may say that God created Heaven and Earth, but one thing is certain: Lucy, Patrick and their hand-picked, creatively skilled workforce have created Paradise.

As you can see, there has been an amazing amount of work done in order to modernise the premises.

Lucille Johnson, one of the founding V2 members, then addressed the gathered guests:

It is a great achievement to stand up and say that, although not done, we are enough finished to let you experience our bar. We also managed to get our delivery service so that you can test our products as well. The main thing is to say a very big thank you to all of my staff, who have helped me to pull this together.

At 5pm, other members of the public packed into Paradise with the invited guests.

The reopening party was the public’s first chance to view the building since its renovations, which included an extension to the existing bar area as well as the introduction of a Costa Coffee style coffee shop. Pub Paradise also offers what some, after Friday, described as ‘the closest thing to KFC on the island.’ Live music from local band Island Politics, and then a DJ, entertained the crowd until late in the night.

Laugh at funny Longwood humour - LOL

We do have a TV service but it’s a bit restricted…

Credits:
{a} Google Maps™{b} The RSPB{c} Derek Richards{d} Pub Paradise.{e} St Helena National Trust{f} Ed Thorpe{g} sthelenablog.wordpress.com{h} St Helena Travel on Facebook™{i} Tourist Office{j} South Atlantic Media Services Ltd (SAMS){2}

Footnotes:
{1} 2016 Census: 790 from a total population of 4,534.{2} Reproduced for educational non-commercial use only; all copyrights are acknowledged.

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