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Our Flag

You may want to salute

One of our National Symbols Saint Helena Island Info Flag

Patriotism is your conviction that this country is superior to all other countries because you were born in it.
George Bernard Shaw

St Helena has its own flag, which is flown at all important events and occasions.

This page is in indexes: Island Detail

Our Flag Saint Helena Island Info

Coat of Arms Saint Helena Island Info Flag

Other ‘NationalSymbol’ pages:

• The Wirebird

• National Flower

• Our national song, ‘My St Helena Island’

• National Symbols

Below: Our flagOur Coat of ArmsOur Public SealWhere is the flag flown?Other flags and crestsThe motto mysteryRead More

Our flag

Our current flag was Commissioned by Governor Massingham in 1983, as one of the initiatives to mark the 150th Anniversary of St Helena becoming a Crown Colony. It was granted by Royal Warrant, published in the St Helena Government Gazette on 30th January 1984.

In the top left is the British Union Flag (or Union Jack), showing that St Helena is an overseas territory of Great Britain.

The background colour to the flag is deep blue{2}. All British territories use this colour, it being the blue of the Union Flag{3}.

In the centre right is our Crest (or, sometimes, Shield), extracted from the Coat of Arms; this has two parts:

  1. A caricature Wirebird, the national bird of St Helena.

  2. An illustration of a sailing ship outside rocky cliffs (presumably, Jamestown{4}), signifying the importance of St Helena to shipping in days gone by.

The correct dimension of our flag are 2:1 - twice as long as it is high.

Our Coat of Arms

St Helena Coat of Arms Saint Helena Island Info Flag
Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms (right) was designed by the Garter King of Arms in London in consultation with the Governor and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office during 1982/83. On 30th January 1984, Her Majesty The Queen commanded that the Coat of Arms be registered at the College of Arms for exclusive and sole use on St Helena. This was published in Gazette No 2 of 31st January 1984.

This is the official, registered description of our Coat of Arms:

Azure in base waves of the sea proper thereon an Indiaman rigged sable masts and sails furled or and flying at the stern. The George heading towards on the dexter side rising from the sea two cliffs proper on a chief or a wirebird also proper; and for the crest upon a helm in a naval crown azure a demi figure representing St Helena. From her brow a veil or vested argent her mantle azure holding in the dexter hand a lily and supporting with the other in the crook of her arm a cross raguly proper mantled azure doubled or beneath the shield upon a scroll the motto ‘Loyal and Unshakeable’

The Government of St Helena uses the Coat of Arms as its logo.

Our Public Seal

Public Seal (Victorian version) {1} Saint Helena Island Info Flag
Public Seal (Victorian version){1}

The Public Seal (left) is applied by the Governor to Ordinances, Proclamations, Contracts and other legal and administrative documents. The presence of the seal validates the document and guarantees its authenticity.

Originally, to ‘seal’ a document, hot wax was dripped into a small pool on the document, and then a stamp (confusingly, also sometimes called ‘the seal’ but more correctly the Matrix or Die), engraved with a mirror-image of the official design, was pressed into the cooling wax. Nowadays the process involves a mechanical press.

The use of seals as a protection against forgery goes back to mediaeval times. As long as the Matrix or Die, from which the seal is made, is kept safe and not copied, any document bearing it can be assumed to be genuine. The East India Company used a variety of seals, some of which are on display in out Museum of St Helena.

St Helena’s Public Seal, made of Sterling Silver, was designed in Victorian times by Benjamin Wyon, Chief Engraver of Her Majesty’s Seals. The wording on the seal changes with each new monarch; our current seal bears the legend:

ELIZABETH II BY THE GRACE OF GOD OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN & NORTHERN IRELAND & OF HER OTHER REALMS & TERRITORIES QUEEN + DEFENDER OF THE FAITH + HEAD OF THE COMMONWEALTH

Where is the flag flown?

The flag flown above The Castle, the seat of government in St Helena, and from Signal House, at the top of Jacob’s Ladder is the Union Flag, not the Flag of St Helena (See below).

Union Flag over The Castle Saint Helena Island Info
Union Flag over The Castle

…and over Signal House Saint Helena Island Info Flag
…and over Signal House

The French Tricolour flies at Longwood House, The Briars Pavilion and Napoleon’s Tomb, because since 1858 these places have been property of the French Government.

Our flag is flown by the RMS St Helena, and it is usually flown over the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London on St Helena’s Day, 21st May.

Our flag, flying in Whitehall, London, in 2013 (4th to the right of the Union Flag) Saint Helena Island Info
Our flag, flying in Whitehall, London, in 2013 (4th to the right of the Union Flag)

Confused about which flag to fly?

The following Press Release{5} may help:

This press release is intended to dispel confusion over the flying of flags in the Overseas Territories.

There are three types of flag normally flown in the Overseas Territories: 

Personal Flag

This is the flag of the Governor in an Overseas Territory and is the Union Flag, superimposed in the center with the arms or badge of the Territory on a white disc surrounded by a green garland. This is flown from sunrise to sunset at Government House when the Governor is in residence.

Union Flag

This takes precedence after the Governor’s personal flag and can be flown at all other venues. Any person in the Territory may fly the Union Flag and there is general encouragement to do so.

Defaced Blue Ensign

The Blue Ensign, defaced with the arms or badge of the Territory in the centre of the part between the Union and the end of the flag, requires approval for use. Governors have discretion to authorise the use of the Defaced Blue Ensign to persons or bodies representing the Territory. This is sometimes taken, mistakenly, to be an individual Territory’s own flag.{a}

Union Flag flown from Signal House Saint Helena Island Info

Other flags and crests

The East India Company flew its own flag over St Helena until in 1687; then it started flying the Union Flag, which continued in use until 1874 when the first flag of St Helena was introduced, as below (left):

Flag of St Helena 1874-1984 Saint Helena Island Info
Flag of St Helena 1874-1984

Flag of the Governor of St Helena Saint Helena Island Info
Flag of the Governor of St Helena

Sheriff’s Badge Saint Helena Island Info Flag
Sheriff’s Badge

The motto mystery

St Helena’s motto is ‘Loyal and unshakeable’, but exactly how we acquired these words seems to be a mystery. There is no mention of a motto in the Records{6}. It has been suggested that it was introduced by Governor Massingham when the new Coat of Arms and flag were commissioned in 1983. It seems there was no public consultation, and exactly who came up with these words is not known. If you can help, please contact us.

Protesters with flag Saint Helena Island Info
Protesters in Whitehall, London, in March 2009{7}

Read More

More stories on our page Read articles about St Helena.

Article: “Letter to The Editor

By Silence Donogood{8}, published in the St Helena Independent 7th November 2014{9}

Perhaps your readers are able to explain why the St Helena flag is not flying on any of the public buildings on the Island?

The Union flag is present on the Castle, Signal House and at Plantation House as well as privately owned buildings such as Prince’s Lodge (including the South African flag being flown on a smaller adjacent building) and the Consulate Hotel. The St Helena flag has been in existence for a while now and surely some kind of national pride and identity should dictate that this is the flag flown on our public buildings and not that of our overlord.

In order to increase and improve national identity, not only to visitors but also the younger generation, shouldn’t the St Helena flag be flown at other public buildings as well - the Customs terminal, the courthouse, Prince Andrews School, the post office and so on.

Additionally, the vice regal standard should be the flag flown at Plantation House - and only when the Governor is in residence; this is a Union flag with the circular seal of St Helena placed centrally. This should also be what is placed on the Governor’s vehicles when the Governor is in the vehicle.

St Helena has a perfectly good flag which it should be proud to display - can we not see more of it please?

Our Comment

The answer would appear to be as described above.

Closing Humour Image Saint Helena Island Info Flag

Laugh at funny flag humour - LOL Saint Helena Island Info


Credits:

{a} GOVERNOR’S OFFICE, 15th July 2002{9}



Footnotes:

{1} Apparently we’re not allowed to reproduce the current one. Something to do with facilitating forgery, and even our “Reproduced for educational non-commercial use only; all copyrights are acknowledged” doesn’t get us out of it. Sorry.

{2} Formally: hex #00247D; RGB (0, 36, 125); Pantone (paper) 280C; CMYK 100.72.0.18.5.

{3} Actually this is the ‘Scottish’ part of the Union Flag, although St Helena has no particular Scottish link over and above any other part of the UK, and indeed was discovered and settled while Scotland was still a foreign country!

{4} The sharp-eyed may note that, if this is shown to scale, the ship must be some 250m high, which would be quite remarkable indeed!

{5} Printed in the St Helena Herald 19th July 2002.

{6} The St Helena Records is a collection of documents dating back to the earliest days of St Helena, held in the Government of St Helena Archives. The Archives can be accessed in person or via email - see our Family And Friends page for more. From the records and other sources we have compiled an events database, which drives our events-based pages e.g. On This Day page. You can search our events database in various ways on our Chronology page.

{7} The 2007-2010 Labour government ‘paused’ our Airport Project, hence the protest; the incoming 2010 Conservative/Libdem government re-started it. More here.

{8} We strongly suspect this to be a pseudonym…

{9} Reproduced for educational non-commercial use only; all copyrights are acknowledged.



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