Napoleonic Bicentenary

Time to remember…

If I had succeeded, I would have been the greatest man known to history.


Napoleon Bonaparte lived on St Helena from October 1815 to May 1821


Other ‘Napoleon’ pages:

• Napoleon

• The Briars Pavilion

• Longwood House

• Napoleon’s Tomb

• Betsy Balcombe

This page is dedicated to events held marking the Bicentenary of Napoleon’s time on St Helena{1}.

Below: Arrival, 1815/2015Death, 1821/2021Napoleon ImpersonatorRead More

Arrival, 1815/2015

Below: French VisitorsBicentennial CommemorationNapoleon’s Arrival Commemorated at his Tomb200 years on, Napoleon steps ashore once againLetter of thanksNapoleon moves to Longwood House

French Visitors

On 7th October 2015 a delegation from France including members of the Fondation Napoléon, the Souvenir Napoléonienne and a representative of the French Minister of Foreign affairs arrived on St Helena for the anniversary of Napoleon’s arrival here 200 years ago, on board HMS Northumberland.

Among the celebrations is the official re-opening of Longwood House and in particular the ‘Generals’ quarters’ after the program of renovations there that has been funded by the international appeal coordinated by the Fondation Napoleon.

Download the full programme.

Bicentennial Commemoration

Bicentennial Commemoration of Napoleon’s exile to St Helena

A Bicentennial Commemoration of Napoleon’s exile to St Helena took place at Napoleon’s Tomb on Sunday 11th October 2015 at 3pm.

Dale Bowers led the Commemoration with Prayers, followed by a one minute silence signalled by the playing of Aux Mort’s by Graeme Beckett.

The UK and French National Anthems were then sung by choirs Bug Eye Tuners and Palm Villa Singers, accompanied by brass band The Brass Monkeys.

The anthems were followed by the Laying of the Wreaths, led by His Excellency the Ambassador Jean Mendelson, representing the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development of the French Republic, His Excellency Governor Mark Capes, M. Victor-Andre Massena, Prince d’Essling and President of the Napoleon Foundation, M. Jean Etevenaux, Vice-President of the Souvenir Napoléonien and representatives from the Companions de l’Aigle.

Shelby Bargo, Jade Leo and Teeny Lucy drew the ceremony to a close with a musical recital on strings.{f}

Napoleon’s Arrival Commemorated at his Tomb

Napoleon’s Arrival Commemoration

At 10am on 15th October 2015 a short and simple ceremony was held at Napoleon’s Tomb to mark the Emperor’s arrival in St Helena on 15th October 1815. Those attending included leaders and representatives of the Fondation Napoléon, the well-established charitable organisation committed to study and research of Napoleonic history and preserving his heritage. Present at the ceremony were Mr. Thierry Lentz, the Director of Fondation Napoléon, Mr. Jean Etévenaux, Vice President for Souvenir Napoléonien, Mr. Victor-André Massena, Prince d’Essling, the President Fondation Napoléon and Mr. Jean Mendelson, Diplomat and representative for the French Foreign Ministry and International Development.

The Fondation has been closely involved with preserving and improving the French Properties in St Helena. Others attending were the governor and the ships companies of HMS Lancaster and RFA Gold Rover. Graeme Beckett was present to sound the bugle. A minute’s silence was observed followed by wreath laying; no speeches were made. When the ceremony ended people watching from the observation point above the Tomb were allowed below into the Tomb area.

200 years on, Napoleon steps ashore once again

Merrill Joshua as Napoleon

Two centuries have passed since Napoleon stepped ashore on St Helena on the evening of 17th October 1815, bringing the island global fame that has endured ever since.

At about 6pm on 17th October 2015 that transforming moment was re-enacted by island actor Merrill Joshua, decked in full imperial costume: the culmination of a series of celebrations and commemorations.

The event re-enacted the portrayal in the 1970s BBC film ‘The Man On The Rock’, by Kenneth Griffiths.{g}

Letter of thanks

Michel Dancoisne-Martineau (French Consul)
Michel Dancoisne-Martineau (French Consul)

The group of French and the official delegation have now left the island. Although the visit started by a disappointment when it was announced the commemorative stamps and coins had not arrived on the island, it was overall a great success for the promotion not only for the French properties but also for the island as a whole.

The bicentenary of the arrival of Napoleon was organised with the Tourist office in a professional, respectful and efficient manner. Helena Bennett and her team have just been perfect. From the comments made by the group, the words ‘respectful’, ‘dignity’, ‘efficient’, ‘courteous’, ‘pleasant’ were used non-stop.

Without the Tourist office team I would have never been able to deliver so much. The whole group has left with life-time souvenirs. And of course, Merrill Joshua a.k.a. Napoleon was just perfect in his role. But, this was not all.

The efforts made by various shops and organisations were so appreciated by our visitors. I have already seen pictures of the widows of the Art and Crafts and the Rose & Crown all over the French social media pages and always with praises and compliments.

Under the direction of Teeny Lucy and Cathy Hopkins, the St Helena Ladies Orchestra, the Brass Monkeys, the Bug-Eye Tuners, the Palm Villa Singers, the String Trio, the promising young talents Jade Leo and Shelby Bargo, the gifted Alice Germany, the virtuoso Lauren Evans, the dazzling Lizemarie Robberste, the transcendent voice of Charlotte Collier, the brilliant Jon Lambdon, the music lover Steve Terry, the incomparable ladies Ivy Ellick and Gay Marr, the melodious Jane Fenwick offered us unforgettable musical moments concluded with an impressive Marseillaise.

Likewise, the kindness of individuals like Harry Legg who allowed the group to visit his historical dwelling of Alarm House, Helen Lawrence who invited the whole group for an unexpected but so welcome tea, coffees and amazing cakes (specially the chocolate one !) at Maldivia, Áine O’Keeffe who shared her art show and birthday party with the whole group, Graeme Beckett for his enthusiasm and communicative love for military music, and Paul Starkie for his warm welcome before the projection of the movie ‘The Man on the Rock’.

Moreover, through the recently restored Longwood House the French group and official delegation were able to see for themselves the skill of the local craftsmen and entrepreneurs. The name of Charlie George kept being mentioned as he did with Damian Stroud, amazing wood works there. Likewise for Brian Yon who brought everything and everyone to light.

But of course, the place of honour was taken by Johnny Isaac who, under his leadership so many local gifted workers contributed to transform Longwood House to its present state: I am not only thinking about Gary Constantine, Alwyn Henry, Joey Peters, Alan Thomas, Jason Benjamin who I kept working with, but also Kelvin Williams, Dennis Owen, Dane Leo, Geordie Andrews, Adam Fowler, Callum Ellick, Craig Williams, Jamie O’Dean, Alex Knipe, Elvis Fowler, Denzil Yon, Martin Constantine, Clayton Leo, Brendan Leo, Sanjay Clingham, Roy Andrews, Arthur Osborne, Joey Bennett, Raymond Herne, Colin Knipe, Julian Henry, Clayton Yon, Marico George, Dalton George, Paul Clifford, Fabian Peters, Brian Knipe, Dion Phillips and Basil Francis.

The delegation also appreciated and praised the kindness of the people of St Helena they met during the food festival and the ones they had to deal with: the resourceful Foxy’s team, the smart Pennell Benjamin, the so-reassuring team of the enchanted isle, the unequalled tour operator Aaron Legg, the bilingual Lord Bishop and the master of ceremony Dale Bowers.

Regarding the activities, the nine days of their stay were extremely busy as the Cancer Support & Awareness group had the kindness to theme their activities around the bicentenary. The Regency Ball at the Castle was a huge success!!! But not only this it was also a pleasure and an honour for me to host the Pink Walk tea party at Longwood house. In this abundance of activities, the reception at the Briars Pavilion by His Excellency the Governor came through like a shooting star in this austral sky.

Then, as a surprise for all of us, was the visit of the Royal Navy with the HMS Lancaster and RFA Gold Rover. What wonderful news. His Excellency the Governor Mark Capes suggested the idea of such a visit over a year ago. I am so happy he had been heard as the navy added the glory and dignity to the celebrations.

In spite of the short notice, the deputy-Governor, Sean Burns together with his wife Marina and his assistant Sandra Sim made everything looking like it was long time planned.

Bravo !

Michel Dancoisne-Martineau (French Consul), 22nd October 2015

Napoleon moves to Longwood House

On 10th December 1815, Napoleon moved from The Briars Pavilion to Longwood House, where he lived out the remainder of his days until his death on 5th May 1821. Today, 200 years later, the official Bicentenary Napoleon donned his uniform and visited the 3 Napoleonic sites on the island.{h}

Death, 1821/2021

Below: ‘Visioning Group’ EstablishedBicentennial InsigniaLaunch of the ‘Napoleon 200’ CampaignCommemorative StampsIn Memoriam

‘Visioning Group’ Established

In January 2019 it was announced that a ‘Visioning Group’ had been established to commence planning for the bicentenary of Napoleon’s death. The group was tasked with creating the vision and articulating it in a high-level document to be ready by the end of April 2019.

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Bicentennial Insignia

Bicentennial Insignia

Napoleon on Saint Helena announces that the Bicentennial insignia are available to purchase on its website.

They are sold for £15 + postage and are shipped from Europe.

Their size is 3cm (1.2 inches)

They are made in France and all the proceeds go to the St Helena Napoleonic Heritage, a charity that preserves the memory of Napoleon on Saint Helena by maintaining and restoring of Longwood House, the Briars and the tomb.

Napoleon bicentenary badge

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Launch of the ‘Napoleon 200’ Campaign

Napoleon 200 Logo

The British Napoleonic Bicentenary Trust’s ‘Napoleon 200’ Campaign was launched on 10th September 2020.

The Trust is a new UK registered charity, set up by the Government of St Helena in 2019. Its chair of trustees is author and former head of the European Investment Bank Sir Brian Unwin. Other trustees include TV historian Dan Cruickshank, Times writer Michael Binyon, and Kedell Worboys, SHG representative in the UK.

Go to www.napoleon200.org for further information.

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Commemorative Stamps

To mark the 200th anniversary of his death in 2021 commemorative Postage Stamps were issued:

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In Memoriam

It had been hoped that the global Covid-19 crisis would be resolved in time for the bicentennary events to take place ‘as normal’. Unfortunately, as at the beginning of May 2021 the pandemic was still disrupting international travel, with flights via South Africa still suspended, so as with many other events, physical celebrations were largely replaced by virtual ones.

At that time Covid-19 had still not spread on St Helena so local events were possible but without the expected flood of visitors from overseas. A ceremony was held at Napoleon’s Tomb, starting at 17:15h on 5th May 2021 and a larger ceremony was held at the Tomb on Sunday 9th May, beginning at 14:50h. The island’s Catholic Church held a Remembrance Mass on May 6th.

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Napoleon Impersonator

Since 2013 the Tourist Office has ‘employed’ (in a strictly honorary capacity) a Napoleon Impersonator - someone who dresses up as Napoleon and appears in Napoleon-related island events. Past incumbents have been Andy Crowe (an ex-pat housing executive), Merrill Joshua (a Saint employed by the Tourist Office) and from October 2019, Kenickie Andrews (also a Saint, part of the St Helena National Trust Marine Team) (photos below).

Some controversy arose when the post was advertised in 2019 because the advertisement required that the candidates be male. This would be contrary to employment law in the UK, but is apparently entirely legal on St Helena.

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Article: 200 years of Napoleon - Continuing the legend

By Tammy Williams, published in the St Helena Independent 6th March 2015{2}

Official Napoleonic Bicentenary logo
Official Napoleonic Bicentenary logo

It’s been 200 years since Napoleon was exiled to St Helena. An anniversary date that is important for the island and the international community, so while the island embraces all the new changes that are taking place we can stop and reflect on a man that has already left his mark on us and ultimately in charge of how we wish to remember him.

This week I spoke to French Consul Michel Dancoisne-Martineau and Tourism Manager Helena Bennett on the Napoleonic Bicentenary which commenced on the 2nd of March with the launch of a special logo included in this article, the Bicentenary will include a full five year program continuing up until 2021.

The committee organising the events comprise representatives from SHG, tourism, French consul and the French government, locally the tourist office will spearhead on community activities surrounding the celebration.

I started by asking Helena about the logo launch, she said The intention with the logo is to unify the Island in acknowledging the importance of the 200th year and to provide opportunities for businesses to use the logo to enhance their retail offering which could even include souvenir items. We would like the whole island to jump in and support the logo by using it as much as possible in their businesses and we are giving a prize to the first private sector business that includes the logo in their email signatures.

Michel then proceeded to explain how the logo came together, Three parties came together, the Foundation Napoléon, French government and the St Helena government through tourism, we spent 4 years and 4 months working on the logo, trying to please everybody! The logo which shows a red and blue stripe above Napoleon’s hat represents the French flag, the red emphasising language So if you are English, French or Japanese speaking only then the red will still mean something to you said Michel.

The logo will be easily indentified and will continue to be used throughout the five year Napoleonic program.

French Consul Michel Martineau
Michel Dancoisne-Martineau

We then turned our attention to the program of events which will include: commemoration of the death of Napoleon on Sunday the 3rd May, a re-enactment of the Battle of Waterloo possibly to be held at High Knoll Fortin June, a French themed week, open air movie theatre, a period ball dating back to 1815 to be held in October at The Castle, food festivals, an agricultural show, classical musical recital with a connection to Napoleon i.e. Beethoven’s victory, Tchaikovsky, a play by the Ivylets and the launch of the general’s quarters by invite only which will lead onto an open day for the public to be held on the 18th October.

In preparation for this key event, Michel said I operate at a different level of commitment. Napoleon is such a worldwide subject that we are planning things in France as well with a three month Exhibition at the Hôtel of Invalides, the Museum of the armies one of the most prestigious monuments in Paris which could not be anymore central, so for three months St Helena will be on the front page of many magazines!

The Hôtel of the Invalides is a complex of buildings containing museums and monuments relating to the military history of France, it is also the burial site for some of France’s war heroes, notably Napoleon! All of this remains good news for St Helena as Paris remains a tourism hotspot attracting over 15 million visitors per year!

Michel’s admirable work in promoting St Helena on an international level has not gone unnoticed by locals, he said, We use Napoleon to attract people and then they discover St Helena, we have an attractive product already here, use this to sell the island, then it will snowball, people who come to St Helena for Napoleon will eventually come just for St Helena!

With a busy schedule ahead for Michel and his team he said We wanted to make the French properties more sustainable than they’ve ever been and not just depending on someone sitting behind his desk in France deciding the budget for the new year, there have been big renovations at Longwood house as part of a commercial development which we planning to reopen on the 15th October. Michel was also proud to announce the arrival of 20+ VIP’s in time for the celebrations. The three top guests being Victor-André Massena, Prince d’Essling, duc de Rivoli, an Ambassador officially appointed to represent the Republic (name to be given at a later stage) and the director of the Fondation Napoléon, Thierry Lentz.

Air access however always seems to be the point of every conversation, Michel commented that in going forward on the five year Napoleonic plan they would need to work accordingly with the airport. He added There’s always the element of transport. In conclusion or in dénouement (as they say in France) the Bicentenary seems to be a well thought out affair that we can all look forward to.

History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree on Napoleon Bonaparte

{a} St Helena Online{b} Tourist Office{c} Copyright © South Atlantic Media Services Ltd (SAMS), used with permission{2}.{d} Tourist Office{e} Government of St Helena{f} Government of St Helena, 12th October 2015{2}{g} Various Sources, 19th October 2015{2}{h} Tourist Office, 10th December 2015{2}

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{1} Not every event is, or will be listed; just a selection to give a flavour. For fuller coverage see the St Helena newspapers.{2} Reproduced for educational non-commercial use only; all copyrights are acknowledged.

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