blank [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]

The St Helena Regiment

‘The Old Saints’

blank [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]

War will exist until that distant day when the conscientious objector enjoys the same reputation and prestige that the warrior does today.
John F. Kennedy

For well over twenty years St Helena was garrisoned by its own infantry regiment, Her Majesty’s St Helena Regiment of Foot; the most popular corps to serve the Island during colonial times.

This page is in indexes: Island History, Island Detail

The St Helena Regiment [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
Regiment uniform on display at the Museum of St Helena
Uniform Breast Badge (Click to see the full-sized image, opens in a new window or tab) [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
Uniform Breast Badge
Uniform Belt Buckle (Click to see the full-sized image, opens in a new window or tab) [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
Uniform Belt Buckle

Go to: BackgroundRegiment HistoryAccommodationUniformNot always best behaved…Matthew Carter, soldier, 1842-1847Serving SoldiersRead More

Background

From the day of its settlement by the British on 4th May 1649, and for the next 257 years until 1906, St Helena stood guard over one of the main ocean highways of the world. It was originally garrisoned by the St Helena Regiment of the Honourable East India Company, but on St Helena’s transfer to the Crown in 1836 the Company’s infantry and Artillery Corps were disbanded, and for the next seventy years the ‘Gibraltar of the South Atlantic’ was manned by detachments from Regiments of the Line, posted from Britain or the Cape every two or three years, supported by small units of Royal Artillery and a few Royal Engineers.

An important exception was made to this arrangement from 1842, however, when, for well over twenty years the Island was garrisoned by its own infantry regiment, Her Majesty’s St Helena Regiment of Foot. References in the St Helena Guardian and elsewhere show that it was the most popular corps to serve the Island during colonial times, affectionately known as ‘The Old Saints’. Moreover, it did so during the busiest and most productive period of St Helena’s history, when Jamestown was a base for New England whaling fleets, and shipping from the East via the Cape was at its height. One thousand ships a year called for fresh food, water and repairs, and the Royal Navy brought thousands of rescued slaves for recuperation at the Liberated Slave Depot in Rupert’s Valley. Yet the guardians of this vital outpost of Empire have been virtually forgotten, and remain the only royal regiment to garrison the Island not to have a written history.

Regiment History

Her Majesty’s St Helena Regiment (SHR) was specially raised in Great Britain, withe the objective of safeguarding St Helena as a strategic link in imperial communications. It was composed of one-third new recruits and two-thirds volunteers from other infantry regiments who were experienced soldiers of good conduct. With a strength of five companies (400-450 men), it was an important condition that all must be over 5ft 6ins in height and physically fit, as well as of good character, the reasons for which were to become clear in due course. The new Regiment was assembled on the Isle of Wight in early August 1842, to board the troopship George the Fourth (1438 tons). It arrived at Jamestown after a passage of 58 days on 4th October.

Officers and men soon became integrated into Island society. There were practical reasons for this. They were not ‘birds of passage’ like other regiments of the line, but men who had volunteered to serve at least five years in the Regiment, with inducements to remain longer, some indeed staying for over twenty years. Officers became involved in local government and many men of all ranks married into local families.

Unfortunately there was a downside to garrison service on St Helena on at least two counts. One related to the shortage of fresh food for the garrison at prices the Army could afford. To meet this problem the Commander-in-Chief, Lord Hill, ordered that the Regiment be allotted “garden ground” for the men to grow their own vegetables, but this was resented by local tradesmen, who were backed by the Governor. Consequently the land was withdrawn, creating bad feeling between the Regiment and the Castle, and misunderstandings in Whitehall between the War Office and the Colonial Office, to the detriment of the Regiment’s good name.

The other disadvantage to St Helena service affected the men more seriously. The Island suffered from a shortage of reliable labour and skilled craftsmen, making it difficult for the Royal Engineers, for example, to maintain the defences and Island infrastructure, such as roads. Enough labour could not even be hired at times to load or unload men-of-war and military transports, including naval colliers. No doubt the recently emancipated slaves, rejoicing in their freedom, had little relish to work for military taskmasters, and so the Army had only one source of ‘forced labour’ to call upon: the rank and file of the St Helena Regiment. The need for them to be tall and fit soon became apparent as the men had to endure heavy manual work as well as their regimental and guard duties, making it a demoralising experience of military service.

In 1847, according to ‘St Helena, The Historic Island, From Its Discovery To The Present Date’, By E. L. Jackson, published in 1905:

Distressing accounts of the destitution in Ireland and in the Highlands of Scotland came to the island, and we find that the non-commissioned officers and men of the St Helena regiment nobly came forward with a day’s pay each (which a soldier can ill afford in this colony) for the relief of their destitute countrymen. This offering, with the contributions of the officers, made the sum of £40, which was forwarded to London for the sufferers, and the receipt of it was acknowledged with warm and sincere thanks.

The Regiment, with its band, was well liked among Island society which had, until 1836, always been used to a permanent garrison resident among them. And thus when in 1863 military policy changed in Whitehall and the decision was made to disband the Regiment and return to the system of manning the Island with Regiments of the Line every two or three years, the announcement was greeted first with disbelief, then dismay and even anger on the Island, as letters and articles in the St Helena Guardian demonstrate.

In fact two years passed before the last of the Regiment left, as many of the officers and men were engaged in a scheme to recruit and train ‘liberated Africans’ from the Depot in Rupert’s Valley, for the 5th West India Regiment, between 1863 and 1865.

During the Regiment’s 23 years’ service on the Island many of its members married locally. Their marriages can be found reported in the St Helena Almanacs of the time. Many of the St Helenian brides, and their children, later went to Britain; some of their children stayed on the Island, the most notable being Benjamin Grant of the St Helena Guardian; while some of the men settled with their families to become part of the Island society.

Of soldier-settlers there is definite proof of at least three: Sergeant Charles Judd; Sergeant Major Noble; and Private Ward. But all the descendents can be proud to recall the words of the Officer Commanding the Garrison, Lt. Col. William Stace of the Royal Engineers, when bidding farewell to ‘The Old Saints’ on 26th November 1863:

During 37 years’ service I have been in many garrisons at home and abroad, and I may say I never met a better or finer body of officers and men… Whatever Corps may relieve the St Helena Regiment I do not expect it will be succeeded by a finer or better one.

Accommodation

Jamestown Barracks (and Theatre, right) (Click to see the full-sized image, opens in a new window or tab) [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
Jamestown Barracks (and Theatre, right){a}

The St Helena Regiment soldiers lived in barracks in Jamestown that are now used to house Pilling Primary School. Officers lived in houses nearby, now known as Barracks Square.

Uniform

The Regiment wore ordinary infantry uniform. This included a red jacket with collar and cuffs in the regimental facing colour (buff for the St Helena Regiment), white trousers (which were worn by all soldiers aboard, and in the summer by British regiments at home) and pipe-clayed leather belts to support the equipment. A reconstruction of the uniform appears in the Museum of St Helena (photograph above).

Not always best behaved…

The Records{1} show that on 21st February 1861 one Richard Farrell, who was a horsebreaker aged 20, was convicted for shooting at a sergeant ‘with intent’ and sentenced to be transported to Western Australia.

Another miscreant was Thomas Knox, a private in the St Helena Regiment No. 274. He was convicted on 2nd December 1862 for ‘violence to superior officer’ and sentenced to 14 years penal servitude in Western Australia.

Matthew Carter, soldier, 1842-1847

Matthew Carter, soldier, 1842-1847 [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
Matthew Carter, soldier, 1842-1847

The following features a soldier in The St Helena Regiment, one Matthew Carter. It is abridged from an article submitted by his Great Great Great Grandson Ray Durnall and originally published in The Bugle in January 2014{2}.

About this time [1841] it was decided by the British government that instead of garrison troops, some previously supplied by the Honourable East Indies Company, Saint Helena island would have its own British Army regiment. All volunteers, the men would have to be of good character to fit into island life and be physically fit as they were also used as stevedores (in 1845 about 1,500 ships called at St Helena).

Henry Simmonds, formally a Major of the 61st was appointed commanding officer with the rank Lieut. Colonel on the 7th January 1842. Matthew transferred to this regiment on the 1st February 1842, being given the distinction of Regimental Number 1, and they arrived on Saint Helena in October that year. He completed his 5 year term and retired from the army in 1847. In 1850 he was recalled to a parade and given a gratuity and a good conduct medal.

Both his sons joined the regiment, John at 14 and Matthew junior was under 12. In the 1860s the regiment was disbanded and, having been in existence for less than 25 years, no official history was completed. A Saint Helena islander Dave Marr is attempting to correct this omission and I have supplied him with the Military histories of the 3 men plus photos. The Museum of St Helena is placing the histories in a showcase containing a uniformed model of the British Army Saint Helena regiment which is being renamed No. 1 Matthew Carter. There is a view of the soldier on a Youtube clip uploaded by the Saint Helena Tourist Board.

Both sons returned to England in the 1860’s. Together with his 2 boys, John bought with him his wife Ann Bertha who was born on the island in 1839. Her father, through his association with the 66th regiment, had been one of Napoleon’s bodyguards during his incarceration and death on the island. Grenadiers of the 66th carried the Emperor’s coffin to his original grave; later his remains were exhumed and returned to France.

Matthew the father, according to parish records for births, had further children on Saint Helena with his wife Eliza Watson: 2 girls in 1856 and 1858. On both records his occupation was prison officer at Ruperts Bay military and civilian gaol, which was burned down in 1 hour by a military prisoner in 1867. His death record in 1881 states he was a pensioner and groom, the informant being Eliza. She may well have been a freed slave as a family named Watson had belonged to a prominent family on the island named Meliss and an Eliza of about the correct age was amongst them.

From 1840 to 1872 Saint Helena played a pivotal role in Britain’s efforts to suppress the slave trade. Over this period it received over 25,000 ‘liberated Africans’ taken from slave ships by Royal Navy patrols. Many thousands did not survive, their last resting place being Rupert’s Valley graveyard, the Army and prisoners probably assisting in the burials.

Serving Soldiers

The following is a list of soldiers recorded as serving in the St Helena Regiment. It is not guaranteed to be complete.

Division within WO Records of the Royal Chelsea and Kilmainham Hospitals 1702-1980
WO 97: Royal Hospital Chelsea: Soldiers Service Documents 1760-1913 6383

WO 97/1182: St Helena Regiment: Ahe - Yat 1760-1854

WO 97/1182/1: JOHN MCCULLEN Born Down Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/2: JAMES AHERN Born Cork Served in 66th Foot Regiment; Cork Militia; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 49 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/3: HENRY ANDERSON Born DEPTFORD Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 33 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/4: SAMUEL ASPRAY Born ONGLEY, Buckinghamshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 21: 1845-1847
WO 97/1182/5: STEPHEN ATLEE Born EALING, London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged ag: 1845-1847
WO 97/1182/6: WILLIAM BAILEY Born ST GEORGES, London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharg: 1842-1854
WO 97/1182/7: JOHN BARDONS Born MASTRICHT, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/8: WILLIAM BASSETT Born STROUD, Gloucestershire Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Regimen: 1838-1853
WO 97/1182/9: JAMES BEATTIE Born St HelenA Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 32 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/10: GASPAR BEDENCK Born KATIRSCHAU, Bohemia Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 31 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/11: THOMAS BEDFORD Born DEWSBURY, Yorkshire Served in Yorkshire Militia; St Helena Regiment; 13t: 1833-1854
WO 97/1182/12: LAWRENCE BENNETT Born Suffolk Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 36 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/13: VINCENT BEZENCON Born MULDE, Switzerland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 22 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/14: WILLIAM BLACKFORD Born London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 47 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/15: MARTIN BLESKA Born PEST, Hungary Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/16: MARTIN BOHN Born OBERHAUSEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/17: HEINRICH BOOTSMANN Born GRONINGEN, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 29 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/18: MATTHEW BOYLE Born Donegal Served in 53rd Foot Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/19: JOHN BREEN Born KILCAVAN, Wexford Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 21: 1842-1845
WO 97/1182/20: HEINRICH BROCKMANN Born EHRENSTADT, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/21: JOSEPH BROOKE Born BIRSTAL, Yorkshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Dis: 1830-1852
WO 97/1182/22: THOMAS BROOKS Born NEWTON REGIS, Warwickshire Served in 29th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regime: 1839-1846
WO 97/1182/23: JOHN BROWN Born Northumberland Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/24: MARTIN BRUCKNER Born STEINBACH, Saxony Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/25: JACOB BRUNCK Born WIRTZBURG, Wurzburg Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 24 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/26: ROBERT BULLOCK Born Yorkshire Served in 56th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 47 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/27: TOBIAS BUTLER Born Clare Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 39 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/28: CARL BUTTERWECK Born AROLSEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 21 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/29: MICHAEL CANTY Born Cork Served in East India Company; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 44 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/30: MATTHEW CARTER Born STANWELL, London and Middlesex Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena R: 1826-1847
WO 97/1182/31: WILLIAM CATTON Born BURY ST EDMUNDS, Suffolk Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged: 1845-1847
WO 97/1182/32: EDWARD CAULFIELD Born Roscommon Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/33: GEORGE CHILTER Born Hampshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 37 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/34: JOHN CLARKE Born NEWARK, Nottinghamshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 45th Foot Regiment: 1836-1843
WO 97/1182/35: WILLIAM CLARKE Born Meath Served in 66th Foot Regiment; 53rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/36: ANDREW COLLINS Born Cork Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 52 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/37: MICHAEL COLLINS Born Monaghan Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/38: THOMAS COLLINS Born SEDLESUM, Sussex Served in 84th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Disc: 1839-1851
WO 97/1182/39: THOMAS COLTHURST Born DUBLIN, Dublin Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 24: 1847-1849
WO 97/1182/40: ROBERT COLVILL Born EDINBURGH, Midlothian Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [No: 1842-1844
WO 97/1182/41: HUGH CORR Born AGHABOG, Monaghan Served in 84th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharg: 1832-1854
WO 97/1182/42: FRANZ COURTOIS Born WATERLOO, Flanders Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/43: JOHN CRACKER Born WASWADON, Buckinghamshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1844
WO 97/1182/44: JEREMIAH CRISP Born Dorset Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of discharge: 1828
WO 97/1182/45: THOMAS CULLY Born Westmeath Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/46: WILLIAM CURCHIN Born OUNDLE, Northamptonshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged: 1842-1849
WO 97/1182/47: LAWRENCE D’ARCEY Born Carlow Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 46 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/48: WILLIAM DARSCUM Born DILBURTON, Somerset Served in St Helena Regiment; 60th Foot Regiment: 1838-1850
WO 97/1182/49: JOHN DAVIES Born MANCHESTER, Lancashire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1842
WO 97/1182/50: LUDWIG DEDANTY Born ALKEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 28 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/51: JOHN DESTROLL Born VALVIER, Brabant Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 24 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/52: JAMES DICKSON Born HADDINGTON, East Lothian Served in St Helena Regiment; 25th Foot Regiment: 1826-1849
WO 97/1182/53: THOMAS DIGNUM Born Dublin Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 52 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/54: JAMES DORAS Born Longford Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/55: THOMAS DRURY Born Kent Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/56: WILLIAM DRY Born Berkshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 54 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/57: JAMES DUST Born Wiltshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/58: CHARLES ELLIS Born MATLOCK, Derbyshire Served in 10th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Di: 1822-1845
WO 97/1182/59: THOMAS ENGLISH Born MULLINGAR, Westmeath Served in 29th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment: 1831-1847
WO 97/1182/60: MICHAEL ERDUSCH Born COPACK, Hungary Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/61: JAMES EULEY Born St HelenA Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/62: THOMAS FAIRSERVICE Born Limerick Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 28 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/63: SAMUEL FAWCETT Born SOUTHARM, Yorkshire Served in 24th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment D: 1830-1852
WO 97/1182/64: JAMES FARREN alias JAMES FERRAN Born BOCKEEN, Donegal Served in 33rd Foot Regiment; St Helena: 1826-1847
WO 97/1182/65: WILLIAM FISK Born London and Middlesex Served in 21st Dragoons (Light); St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 47 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/66: JOHN FLYNN Born Cork Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/67: CHARLES FOWLER Born KINGSTANLEY, Gloucestershire Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Reg: 1839-1845
WO 97/1182/68: JOHN GABOR Born STATKARITZ, Hungary Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 33 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/69: FRIEDRICH GERSTEN Born Saxony Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/70: EDWARD GIBSON Born HULL, Yorkshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 20: 1847-1849
WO 97/1182/71: JOSEPH GILLAM Born Surrey Served in Royal African Colonial Corps; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/72: PATRICK GILROY Born DUBLIN, Dublin Served in 53rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment; 66th Fo: 1815-1836
WO 97/1182/73: JOHN GITTENS Born MATTERINY, Pembroke Served in 7th Dragoon Guards Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/74: JOHN GOBSELL Born CARDWITH, Warwickshire Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment: 1831-1853
WO 97/1182/75: JAMES GOODWIN Born STRATFORD, Suffolk Served in 24th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1835
WO 97/1182/76: EDWARD GORE Born CARRIGALLON, Leitrim Served in 84th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1838
WO 97/1182/77: PETER GORES Born ANTWERP, Brabant Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 32 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/78: JOHN GOULD Born Gloucestershire Served in 20th Foot Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 33 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/79: FELIX GRAHAM Born BRIGHT, Down Served in St Helena Regiment; 45th Foot Regiment Discharged: 1837-1845
WO 97/1182/80: JAMES GROVES Born Worcestershire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 44 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/81: WENCELAUS GUTKOWSKY Born SCHMITMICK, Poland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 32 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/82: CHRISTIAN HAAS Born HAGG, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 24 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/83: FRANZ HAHN Born WEINHEIM, Palatinate Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/84: JOHN HALLORAN Born LIMERICK, Limerick Served in St Helena Regiment; 65th Foot Regiment Dis: 1827-1849
WO 97/1182/85: JOHN HANDCOCK Born Bedfordshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/86: JOHN HERBERT Born Buckinghamshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/87: JOHN HARRINGTON Born CORK, Cork Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 18: 1851-1852
WO 97/1182/88: GEORGE HARRIS Born TWICKENHAM, Surrey Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1839
WO 97/1182/89: WILLIAM HATHRELL Born HALDBOURN, Wiltshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 19: 1850-1852
WO 97/1182/90: DIEDERICH HEMPELMAN Born LEMGOW, Westphalia Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/91: JOSEPH HOBBS Born Hampshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/92: JOHAN HOCHMANN Born DORCZEWICZ, Poland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 29 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/93: SAMUEL HOLDSTOCK Born LUTON, Bedfordshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 22: 1847-1851
WO 97/1182/94: THOMAS HOLT Born STANFORD, Nottinghamshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 19: 1845-1845
WO 97/1182/95: THOMAS HOWARD Born Lancashire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 47 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/96: JONATHAN HOWLETT Born Norfolk Served in Royal African Colonial Corps; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 38 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/97: WILLIAM HOWLETT Born Suffolk Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/98: JOHN HUNT Born Devonshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 39 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/99: SAMUEL HUTCHINSON Born Renfrewshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/100: FRANCIS FLOROP Born VENLOO, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/101: FRANZ JANSEN Born KONIGSGRAZ, Bohemia Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 35 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/102: THOMAS JENKINS Born ROTHE, Glamorgan Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 21: 1842-1843
WO 97/1182/103: JOSEPH JON Born ST LUKES, London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment; 15th Foot Regim: 1831-1853
WO 97/1182/104: JOHAN JONAS Born HELDINGHAUSEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/105: EVAN JONES Born GUILSFIELD, Montgomeryshire Served in 53rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment: 1830-1852
WO 97/1182/106: THOMAS JONES Born Kent Served in 25th Dragoons (Light); St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 48 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/107: JOSEPH JOURDAN Born HERVE, Belgium Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 25 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/108: JAMES JUDD Born Essex Served in 20th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 38 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/109: FRANZ JUNG Born WOLSTEIN, Palatinate Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/110: JOHN KELLEGHER Born Leitrim Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 45 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/111: THOMAS KELLY Born KILMEAN, Mayo Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharge: 1831-1853
WO 97/1182/112: PATRICK KENNAY Born TABANGHIN, Roscommon Served in 84th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment: 1839-1845
WO 97/1182/113: GEORGE KING Born LITTLE STANMORE, London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discha: 1842-1849
WO 97/1182/114: JOSEPH KLEIN Born Austria Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 29 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/115: VALENTIN KNECHT Born RITZHEIM, Alsace Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 37 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/116: TILMAN KONIGSTEIN Born ALDENHOVEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/117: ARNOLD KRAMER Born MAASTRICHT, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 28 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/118: LUDEWIG KUSTER Born MAASTRICHT, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/119: PETER KUSTER Born MAASTRICHT, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 31 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/120: JAMES LALLY Born KILTARMORE, Galway Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Disch: 1814-1836
WO 97/1182/121: WILLIAM LARK Born KILLEY, Offaly Served in 73rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharg: 1839-1850
WO 97/1182/122: CHARLES LATTER Born DIETZ, German States Served in 60th Foot Regiment Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/123: JOHN LANGDEN Born Cardiganshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 37 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/124: WILLIAM LAYTON Born London and Middlesex Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/125: EDWARD LEES Born Lancashire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/126: JACOB LEONARD Born ANSPUCH, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/127: WILLIAM LEVISON Born BALLINTEMPLE, Tipperary Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Regimen: 1839-1844
WO 97/1182/128: WILLIAM LEYTON Born ST PAULS, London and Middlesex Served in 53rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1815
WO 97/1182/129: WILLIAM LLEWELLYN Born Brecon Served in Monmouthshire Militia; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1838
WO 97/1182/130: JOHN LOUGHEAD Born Lanarkshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 48 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/131: JOHAN LUDWIG Born GENDERSHEIM, German States Served in 60th Foot Regiment Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/132: GERHARD LUHMAN Born CLEVE Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/133: JUSTIN MCCARTHY Born KILGARRON, Kerry Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Dis: 1838-1853
WO 97/1182/134: JOHN MCCULLIN Born Down Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/135: JOHN MCDONALD Born Leitrim Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/136: THOMAS MCDONNELL Born DUBLIN, Dublin Served in St Helena Regiment; 25th Foot Regiment Disc: 1825-1849
WO 97/1182/137: GEORGE MACEY Born ILFRACOMB, Devonshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 32: 1845-1853
WO 97/1182/138: PATRICK MCHUGH Born LONGFORD, Longford Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Di: 1811-1836
WO 97/1182/139: ROBERT MCLEAN Born KILTOHART, Leitrim Served in 20th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1817
WO 97/1182/140: WILLIAM MCLEOD Born KILKENNY, Kilkenny Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 26: 1847-1850
WO 97/1182/141: PATRICK MCMONAGHAN Born BELLONAMORE, Donegal Served in St Helena Regiment; 45th Foot Regimen: 1837-1850
WO 97/1182/142: JOHN MCPHIE Born WEST CHURCH, Midlothian Served in 25th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment: 1825-1846
WO 97/1182/143: JOHNSTON MAGEE Born Londonderry Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 45 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/144: JOHN MAGSON Born St HelenA Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 38 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/145: JOHN MAHER Born Tipperary Served in 20th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/146: PATRICK MAHONEY Born KILLMURRY, Cork Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 24: 1850-1853
WO 97/1182/147: HUGH MANNING Born Galway Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Discharged aged 38 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/148: JAMES MARSH Born Lancashire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/149: WILLIAM MARTIN Born Norfolk Served in 21st Dragoons (Light); St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/150: ROSS MATTHEWS Born MOHILL, Leitrim Served in 84th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discha: 1839-1854
WO 97/1182/151: VINCENT MOSELFELD Born MOCHELN, Brabant Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 25 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/152: THOMAS MENNS Born Leitrim Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/153: JOHN JACOB MEURER Born GRAF, Holland Served in 60th Foot Regiment Discharged aged 28 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/154: PAUL MICHALO Born LIMBERT, Poland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 37 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/155: LUDEWIG C MILLER Born WEIMAR, Saxony Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/156: MICHAEL MINTON Born Tipperary Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/157: WILLIAM MITCHELL Born PORTSMOUTH, Hampshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 2: 1843-1847
WO 97/1182/158: HUGH MOLLOY Born ORANBEG, Galway Served in 73rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharg: 1838-1842
WO 97/1182/159: GEORGE MOORE Born BALLINAMORE, Leitrim Served in 11th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Di: 1838-1847
WO 97/1182/160: THOMAS MORTISHEAD alias THOMAS MORTERSHED Born Cheshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment; 53rd Foot Regiment Discharged aged 44 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/161: THOMAS MORTESHEAD Born GERVOHEY, Down Served in 53rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of enlistment: 1815
WO 97/1182/162: JOHN MULCAHY Born Tipperary Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/163: CHARLES MUNN Born ERVEN, Ayrshire Served in 23rd Dragoons (Light) Discharged aged 28 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/164: WILLIAM MURRAY Born Kildare Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/165: RICHARD NICHOLLS Born [Not Known] Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/166: CHRISTOPHER NICOLAY Born STAVOLD, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars; Prince of Wales’ Hussars Discharged aged 24 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/167: SEBASTIAN NORUKOWSKY Born HAMMERNICK, Poland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/168: LUDEWIG NORMANN Born GENF, Switzerland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/169: JOHN NORMANTON Born SALFORD, Lancashire Served in St Helena Regiment; 20th Foot Regiment D: 1838-1850
WO 97/1182/170: JOHN NOWLAN Born Dublin Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/171: JOHN OLIVER Born ROTHBURRY, Northumberland Served in St Helena Regiment; 25th Foot Regiment: 1831-1853
WO 97/1182/172: PATRICK O’SHAUGHNACY Born SENEGAL, Africa Served in Royal African Colonial Corps; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/173: WILLIAM OWENS Born KILKENNY, Kilkenny Served in 84th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Dis: 1839-1845
WO 97/1182/174: GEORGE OXLEY Born London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/175: RICHARD PALMER Born Cork Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 49 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/176: DANIEL PARR Born EAST MAIN, Hampshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Dis: 1817-1836
WO 97/1182/177: THOMAS PARSONS Born MANCHESTER, Lancashire Served in 7th Dragoons Discharged aged 29 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/178: JOHN PELLOW Born ALTARNUN, Cornwall Served in St Helena Regiment; 66th Foot Regiment Disch: 1835-1848
WO 97/1182/179: JOHANN PETER Born BIRGELL, Hesse Cassel Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/180: THOMAS PHILLIPS Born Buckinghamshire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 44 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/181: STEPHAN TISSA Born [Not Known] Served in York Hussars Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/182: GEORGE PRENTICE Born London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 39 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/183: HENRY PRICE Born Hampshire Served in 25th Dragoons (Light); St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/184: JOHANN RAUCH Born GERSEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/185: GEORGE RAUTENKRANZ Born DANNENBERG, Hanover Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/186: PHILLIP REDWICK Born Suffolk Served in St Helena Regiment; 11th Dragoons Discharged aged 46 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/187: JAMES REED Born Buckinghamshire Served in East India Company; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/188: JOHN ROHRIG Born ZIZERNTZAL, Palatinate Served in 60th Foot Regiment Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/189: HENRY REID Born CHARKIN, Antrim Served in 29th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharge: 1831-1853
WO 97/1182/190: JOHN RIDGE Born FERRY, Lincolnshire Served in 22nd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Disch: 1813-1836
WO 97/1182/191: ROBERT ROBERTSON Born KILBARCHAN, Renfrewshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 25th Foot Regim: 1824-1847
WO 97/1182/192: JOHN RODGERS Born DRUMRAW, Tyrone Served in 29th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Dischar: 1832-1847
WO 97/1182/193: JACOB RORNRUMPF Born OBERHONE, Hesse Cassel Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 25 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/194: DAVID ROSE Born ZERLICE Served in 60th Foot Regiment Discharged aged [Not Known] Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/195: THEODOR RUNTZ Born HAGENAU, Alsace Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 24 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/196: BENJAMIN RYALL Born SHARWELL, Hampshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 26: 1842-1849
WO 97/1182/197: JOHANN SCHEER Born DEVENTER, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 28 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/198: MICHAEL SCHETZLOCH Born MOPPEN, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 33 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/199: GEORG SCHILLING Born BURWEILER, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/200: HEINRICH SCHLENDER Born UNNA, Prussia Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 33 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/201: ARIAN SCHMALL Born TAUNWERTH, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/202: JOHAN SCHNEE Born SARGELEBEN, Saxony Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 31 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/203: THOMAS SEAFORTH Born LONDON, London and Middlesex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/204: CORNELIUS SHEEHAN Born Cork Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 44 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/205: BENJAMIN SILVESTER Born [Not Known] Served in Royal Marines Discharged aged 20 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1816
WO 97/1182/206: FRIEDRICH SONNENBERG Born RUTHNAU, Prussia Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 23 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802
WO 97/1182/207: JOHN STANDON Born Sussex Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 46 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/208: CHARLES STEWART Born Midlothian Served in Royal Sappers and Miners; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 46 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/209: JAMES STEWART Born NEWCASTLE, Northumberland Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/210: WILLIAM STOCKTON Born Shropshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 48 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1824
WO 97/1182/211: JAMES SULLIVAN Born KENMORE, Kerry Served in St Helena Regiment; 78th Foot Regiment Discha: 1826-1847
WO 97/1182/212: BENJAMIN SYLVESTER Born Worcestershire Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 43 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/213: JOSEPH SZIPOSS Born JOPLIEN, Hungary Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 30 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/214: HEINRICH TAHRENHOLZ Born MEUNEN, Saxony Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/215: DANIEL TANSLEY Born HITCHEN, Hertfordshire Served in 11th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment: 1831-1846
WO 97/1182/216: JAMES TAYLOR Born KING EDWARD, Aberdeenshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 60th Foot Regimen: 1832-1853
WO 97/1182/217: JOSEPH TAYLOR Born COLLON, Louth Served in 61st Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharg: 1828-1850
WO 97/1182/218: JOSEPH TAYLOR Born KING EDWARD, Aberdeenshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 60th Foot Regime: 1832-1853
WO 97/1182/219: FRIEDRICH THEISSEL Born NASSAU, German States Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 42 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/220: JOHN THOMPSON Born URR, Kirkcudbrightshire Served in St Helena Regiment; 25th Foot Regiment: 1825-1846
WO 97/1182/221: FREDERICK TONKS Born BIRMINGHAM, Warwickshire Served in 24th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regime: 1839-1850
WO 97/1182/222: WILLIAM TOWNSEND Born Leicestershire Served in 53rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 45 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/223: JOSEPH URBAN Born ZARZFORD, Bohemia Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 37 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/224: GEORGE VALLES Born Somerset Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 29 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/225: JOHAN VANDER BERG Born BEVERWEG, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/226: LAWRENCE VAUGHAN Born Dublin Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 39 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1828
WO 97/1182/227: HENRY WALSH alias HENRY WELTCH Born GUERNSEY, Guernsey Served in St Helena Regiment Dischar: 1842-1850
WO 97/1182/228: WILLIAM WATT Born Leix Served in 12th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 32 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/229: THOMAS WEBSTER Born Dublin Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 41 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1835
WO 97/1182/230: JOHAN VAN WEICK Born WERCKENDAM, Holland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/231: PHILLIP WEISS Born CUNTERSCLUM, Palatinate Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 26 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/232: WILLIAM WHITTAKER Born Kent Served in 66th Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 40 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1836
WO 97/1182/233: MICHAEL WHYTE Born PORTURNNA, Galway Served in 73rd Foot Regiment; St Helena Regiment Disc: 1832-1854
WO 97/1182/234: DAVID WILLIAMS Born Essex Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 34 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1827
WO 97/1182/235: PETER WINRATH Born LOVENICH, Palatinate Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 27 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/236: CASPER WISCHNOWSKY Born BERNESTRICK, Poland Served in Hompesch Hussars Discharged aged 36 Covering date gives year of discharge: 1802{3}
WO 97/1182/237: THOMAS YATES Born BIRMINGHAM, Warwickshire Served in St Helena Regiment Discharged aged 27: 1842-1849

In addition we have been notified of another who served, but for some reason does not appear in the above list:

WILLIAM DOWNER Born Isle of Wight, Colour Sergeant{4}

Regiment discharge papers [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
Regiment discharge papers, 1846

Read More

Go to: SourcesArticle: “Historian searches for missing links in Island’s history”

Sources

The St Helena Regiment Ordinance, dating from 1942, was repealed in December 2000.

Article: “Historian searches for missing links in Island’s history

By Nick Hewes, published in the St Helena Independent 10th March 2006{2}

Dave Marr [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]

Dave Marr, a plumber from Scarborough, Yorkshire{5}, has become probably the world’s leading authority on the St Helena Regiment. Dave, who departed yesterday after a brief visit to the Island, comes here regularly in order to research the Regiment. He believes that the period during which the St Helena Regiment (SHR) was garrisoned here was one of the most successful in the Island’s history.

The SHR came into existence in 1842, and was disbanded in 1865. During those years St Helena was at its busiest, with the Island exporting 100 tons of potatoes to the Cape in one year alone, and over 1,000 ships each year dropping anchor here.

You have to remember,” says Dave, “that there was no Suez Canal in those days. Ships would have been pulling into Jamestown by the hundred, especially whalers. Every ship in the vicinity would have needed fresh supplies of food and water. Solomons had a big warehouse stocked with barrels of water, ready to be sold to mariners. You’d have had people of all nationalities coming ashore: Dutch, French, Italian, …

Dave has made it his personal mission to fill in the gaps in the Regiment’s history. He believes that this forgotten chapter of St Helena’s past deserves to be examined especially carefully, because the soldiers of the regiment formed such an integral part of the community. He continues, “During their time here, one in six of the Island’s inhabitants were soldiers of the Regiment. They weren’t just birds of passage, they were here for the duration. If you imagine a group of strong, fit men, numbering between 400 and 450 men - that is, one in six of the Island’s population - garrisoned here for up to 23 years, it’s clear that they would have had a major impact on the Island. You see this particularly clearly in the marriage records: almost every family would have had at least one member who married a soldier. To give you an example, I was going through the Records{1} the other day, and I found that 138 girls were married to soldiers of the Regiment over a six-year period. And that was in Jamestown alone! You can tell at a glance they were soldiers because it actually says SHR (St Helena Regiment) beside the groom’s name. The Records{1} tell us they were marrying local girls by the hundred! For many people today who are looking for their family histories, their family’s presence on the Island will date back to those years of the SHR [at least on the male side]. That is often as far back as you need to go.

Dave was examining his own family history a few years ago, when he found that one of his ancestors served in the Tenth Foot Lincolnshire Regiment, (the regiment which took over from the SHR when the latter was disbanded in 1865). Having never previously heard of the St Helena Regiment, he took it upon himself to become its principal military historian.

Nobody’s really covered this period of St Helena’s military history properly,” he says, “When the SHR finished in 1865 it simply didn’t have a military history. I’d never even heard of this regiment prior to coming across it by chance. Now however, I regularly get military officers contacting me for information on the SHR.

One of Dave’s most interesting discoveries concerns the ethnic composition of the Regiment. It turns out that many of the soldiers (at least a third) were of Irish extraction. At that time, Dave says, Ireland was “on its knees” due to the ravages of the Potato Famine. (Ireland’s population dropped from twelve million to three million as a direct result of the Famine, and many men sought refuge in the British Army.) It was due to the high proportion of Irish soldiers of the SHR, that Jamestown has a Catholic Church: the church was actually built by the Irishmen of the SHR. Another obvious implication of the strong Irish presence during this period is that many Saint families are bound to have some Irish ancestry.

There are curious present-day echoes of the long lost days of the St Helena Regiment. For in a way, it reminds us of how dependent the Island has always been - for its well being, if not its actual survival - on outside investment coming here from overseas. As Dave says, “Whilst the garrison was here, there was good money to be made. One year the Island even broke even! When they went though, there was great poverty.

Perhaps, with the airport coming, St Helena can look forward once again to a new influx of both people and prosperity.

More stories [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]

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Laugh at funny regiment humour - LOL [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]


Credits:

{a} by William John Burchell, botanist & schollmaster. Copyright © the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, used with permission{2}{6}.



Footnotes:

{1} The St Helena Records is a collection of documents dating back to the earliest days of St Helena, held in the Government of St Helena Archives. The Archives can be accessed in person or via email - see our Family And Friends page for more. You can search the Records on our Chronology page.

{2} Reproduced for educational non-commercial use only; all copyrights are acknowledged

{3} According to other records found by Chris and Sheila Hillman, this soldier did not actually serve in the St Helena Regiment. He did, it seems, serve with the Hompesch Hussars, but no link is known between these and the St Helena Regiment.

 

William Downer’s marriage certificate, 2nd February 1852 (Click to see the full-sized image, opens in a new window or tab) [Saint Helena Island Info:The St Helena Regiment]
William Downer’s marriage certificate, 2nd February 1852

{4} William Downer’s marriage certificate, 2nd February 1852, showing his status and rank as a member of the regiment.

{5} Nowadays resident on St Helena

{6} Strictly, permission was given to the St Helena Heritage Society to use Burchell’s images for “any Museum of St Helena purpose”, which we consider applies to sainthelenaisland.info.



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